Toyota Hilux Introduction!

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Sticky Toyota Hilux Introduction!

Post by Rislar on Mon Dec 28, 2009 1:24 am

The Toyota Hilux.
Ready. Willing. And able to do anything, anytime, anywhere.

The Toyota Hilux gives you the freedom to do whatever you want, whenever you want. No matter what the activity, no matter what's up against you, nothing can stand in its way.

The Toyota Hilux offers endless possibilities. And the kind of versatility where the only limit is your imagination.

Three unbreakable body styles


From making it through tough terrain to simply cruising across town, the Toyota Hilux offers truly all-encompassing ability.

Push it to the limit and it'll respond with enthusiasm. Take it to the extreme and it'll jsut want more. Nothing worries it, nothing scares it, nothing even makes it think twice. With ability this relentless, and the choice of three tough body styles (including the capacious 5-seater Double Cab), the Toyota Hilux has nothing to hold it back. And neither do you.

A reputation that's well renowned...

Toyota Hilux has endured some of the harshest environments in the world for almost forty years. First released in Japan in 1967, it soon became known globally for its resolute and uncompromising ability and reliability.

Every day, Hilux owners everywhere use their vehicle in the most extreme surroundings. Bracing freezing weather in Alaska. Carrying cargo loads across the sand dunes of the Sahara. Negotiating rocky outcrops in the Australian outback.

They know, first-hand, that their Hilux can be depended on to climb that incline, cross that river, pull out of that mud. Little wonder, perhaps, that over 12,000,000 models have been sold worldwide.

With Hilux, Toyota's long-standing commitment to quality and durability culminates in a vehicle that millions of people trust on every type of terrain, in all kinds of conditions. And, sometimes, quite literally with their lives.

...and well deserved

As far as proving its worth, we didn't just rely on the Hilux's name and reputation for strength and durability. As part of the development programme for this model, we put it to the test in the most extreme conditions.

First of all, we gave it a durability test in South Africa, and we also included a high-altitude drive at 2,800 m (9,185 feet) for good measure. But that wasn't testing enough, so to really checkout how the engine stood up where the oxygen is scarce, we took it to Peru and tried it 4,800 m (15,750 feet) up the Andes, where the oxygen levels are less than 50% of what they are at sea level, making most engines struggle due to insufficient air intake. Still the Hilux didn't falter, so we sent it to spend 150 hours off-roading at high speed across some of the most unwelcoming terrain on earth in the Australian Outback. Again, the Hilux came through with flying colours. Then we really turned the heat up - literally - with a high temperature test at 47° in Dubai and once more the Hilux coped without a problem, even the airconditioning system, which kept the cabin cool and comfortable. In case your destination is nearer to home, we also tested the Hilux in Europe to make sure that it was just as suitable for the conditions here as it is at the four corners of the globe.

Unbreakable ability? With the Toyota Hilux, it's no empty claim.

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Sticky Re: Toyota Hilux Introduction!

Post by Rislar on Mon Dec 28, 2009 2:17 am

History of the Toyota Hilux Surf

The Toyota Hilux Surf is an off-road vehicle manufactured by Toyota, sold mainly in Japan, with large numbers imported as used vehicles to the United Kingdom, Ireland, New Zealand and Australia. The original Surf was little more than a Toyota Hilux pickup truck with a fiberglass shell over the bed, but the model has since undergone significant independent development into a mid-size Off-road vehicle.
The Hilux Surf is sold outside Japan, primarily in the United States as the Toyota 4Runner. The second generation models were also briefly marketed in the United Kingdom as the Toyota 4Runner. Initially all models were built at Toyota's plant in Tahara, Japan, but starting with the 3rd Generation models production was split between both the Tahara plant and Hino Motors' Hamura, Japan plant.


First generation Hilux Surf (1984–1989)
The Toyota Hilux pickup (upon which the Surf was originally based) underwent a major redesign in 1983 for the 1984 model year. Instead of developing an entirely new model, Toyota took an existing short-bed pickup body, made some simple modifications, and added a removable fiberglass top.

Thus, the first generation Surf is nearly mechanically identical to the Toyota Hilux pickup. All first generation Surfs had two-doors and were indistinguishable from the pickups from the dashboard forward. Nearly all changes were to the latter half of the body; in fact, because the rear springs were actually downgraded with one leaf less than the pickup, with the additional weight of the rear seats and fiberglass top, these models tend to suffer from sagging rear suspensions (a problem which continued to afflict later generations of the Surf).

The first Surfs were introduced in 1984 as 1984 1/2 models. For this first year, all models were equipped with black or white fiberglass tops.

In 1986, the Surf underwent a major front suspension design change as it was changed from a solid front axle to the Hi-Trac independent front suspension. This change made the Surf more drivable at highway speeds and increased the space in the engine compartment (necessary to fit larger engines, such as the V6 introduced in 1988) but arguably decreased the truck's off-road capabilities. The Hilux at this point retained the more rugged and capable, if less refined, solid axle configuration
Small cosmetic and option changes were made in 1989, but the model was left largely untouched in lieu of the replacement model then undergoing final development.


Second generation Hilux Surf (1990–1995)
The 1990 model year Surf continued its reliance on the Hilux pickup, as the pickup was redesigned the surf followed. It remained virtually identical to the Hilux from the 'B' pillars forward, but this time gained a full steel integrated body in place of the prior fiberglass cap. It also gained an all new coil sprung rear suspension system, which unfortunately proved to be just as prone to sagging as the leaf springs on the rear of the previous models.

Nearly all second generation Surfs are 5-door models, however from 1990 to 1992, a 3-door model was also produced. These vehicles are somewhat rarer and were discontinued in August 1992.

It was available with a range of diesel engines, including a 2.4 L turbodiesel I4 up to 1993, followed by a 3.0 L turbodiesel I4. Small numbers were also made with a normally aspirated 2.8 L diesels and 2.0 L I4 naturally-aspirated petrol engines. The majority of petrol versions having the 3.0 L V6.

Most other full-body Off-road vehicles produced at the time featured tailgates that opened upward with the glass closed. In contrast, the second generation Surf carried over the retractable-glass tailgate from the first generation. Opening these tailgates requires first retracting the rear window into the tailgate and then lowering the tailgate, much like as on a pickup truck.
In 1992, the Surf received minor cosmetic updates, including larger 'Aero' headlamps and one-piece front bumpers. At this time a Wide body version was introduced featuring extended wheel arch flares along with wider wheels and tyres. This facelift distanced them somewhat from the Hilux pickups which did not receive the same cosmetic changes.

Various trim levels were offered ranging from the base model 'SSR' through 'SSR Ltd', 'SSR-V' 'SSR-X' and 'SSR-X Ltd' to the range topping 'SSR-G'.



Third generation Hilux Surf (1996–2002)
1996 marked another significant redesign of the Surf. Whilst the third generation Surf looks very similar to the second generation, this similarity largely ended with its looks. It carried over the basic design and concept, but executed it differently with an all-new bodyshell on an all-new chassis. This time, it shared virtually nothing with the pickup it had originally evolved from, and had more in common with the Land Cruiser, as it shared its chassis with that of the LWB Land Cruiser Prado.

Significant changes from the second generation models include a larger body on a longer wheelbase, increased interior space, increased cargo space, twin airbags, coil sprung suspension front and rear, ABS brakes, lift-up tailgate, rack and pinion steering and 16 in wheels. One of the biggest mechanical changes was the addition of a center differential, enabling the use of four wheel drive on hard surfaces without complication for the first time. The prior ADD system was also retained to give on-the-fly shifting between rear and four wheel drive as before.

Trim and model designations remain similar to those used for the second generation models.



Fourth generation Hilux Surf (2003–present)
The fourth generation Surf incorporated serious changes to the chassis and body of the vehicle, but was targeted at approximately the same demographics as the third generation. The updated Surf looks very different from the older Surfs, but is still targeted as a mid-size quasi-luxury Off-road vehicle. It continues to share most of its underpinnings with the LWB Land Cruisers of similar age.

When Toyota introduced Toyota Hilux Vigo in December 2004 and it became an overnight sensation and Asia's and Africa's largest selling pickup, it was expected that an SUV will be soon be introduced. Sure enough Toyota introduced the Toyota Fortuner based on the Toyota Hilux Vigo. The Toyota Fortuner is a luxury sports-utility vehicle (SUV) but in the price range of a regular SUV. It comes with seven seats, top-notch quality, high performance engine and a fine balance between on- and off-roading capability. This popular SUV is based on not only wildly popular Hilux Vigo but also on luxury Lexus. It comes with a 2.7-liter petrol (118 bhp @5200 rpm, 241 Nm @ 3800 rpm), a 3-liter D4D turbo- intercooled diesel engine (163 bhp @ 3400 rpm, 343 @ 1400 rpm), or a 2.5 liter D4D turbo (non-intercooler in Malaysia) [102PS (75 kW) @ 3600 rpm, 260Nm @ 1600 to 2400 rpm]. Four- or five-speed automatic gearboxes are available.
Fortuner SUV completed the Innovative International Multipurpose Vehicle (IMV) line-up together with the Hilux Vigo pick-up and the Innova Multipurpose Vehicle launched February 2005.

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